The answer, in most cases, is no.
A change in Illinois law permits you to expunge or seal your criminal record notwithstanding any fines or fees you may owe.
Before you can clear your criminal record, your case must have been terminated. As of August 10, 2018, the definition of termination does not include any outstanding financial obligations. Therefore, the court cannot deny your petition because you owe a court or government imposed debt. Once your record is sealed, the court may still permit access to any records necessary to collect the debt from you.
The court may still deny your petition if you haven’t paid legal restitution to a victim unless that restitution has been converted to a civil judgment.
(Besides Skokie, Matt Keenan also serves the communities of Arlington Heights, Chicago, Deerfield, Des Plaines, Evanston, Glenview, Morton Grove, Mount Prospect, Niles, Northbrook, Park Ridge, Rolling Meadows, Wilmette and Winnetka.)